Thai Culturesの最近のブログ記事

Versatile Greeting

The wai, or pressing your palms together at chest or nose level and bowing your head slightly, is a gesture that you will encounter almost immediately upon arrival in Thailand.

An integral part of Thai etiquette, it denotes respect (or reverence when performed in front of a Buddha image), and can be used to express a hello, thank you, or goodbye.



Thai Funeral

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"ngaan sop" means ceremony for deceased persons. A feast is organised to honor the deceased person. The ceremony date is scheduled by monks.

When somebody dies, the corpse is kept 7 days in the house before the cremation. During six evenings, monks come and pray. On the coffin light garlands and a picture of the deceased person can be found.

Guests come, often dressed with dark clothes and sometimes a white shirt. Everybody greet each other. Waiters offer water or coke. From the first to the sixth day, monks come every evening around 7 p.m. On the seventh day cremation happens during the afternoon. Usually 4 monks are coming during the evening prayers. But number can vary depending on the status and rank of the deceased person. Then they summon incantations in Pali language during 30 minutes. When prayers are over, a car brings the monks back to their temple.

Food is then offered to every guest. Everybody is chatting. Even during the monk's prayers some are chatting. Atmosphere is not so sad, there are no loud tears. Family, relations, neighbours and even unknown people to the family can assist to those prayers. Sometimes an old and famous monk is present but doesn't take part in the ceremony. His presence indicates that the deceased person had a high rank.

On the seventh day, in traditional ceremonies, a funeral procession is organized. First monks go ahead, then the men and the women. The men carry the coffin. Nowadays the coffin is often directly transported by car to the temple.

Guests are then arriving to the temple. Everybody is giving gifts, money for the family of the deceased person.

On the contrary of foreign countries, funeral ceremony is not a sad event. Everybody talk. For Buddhist people, death is only a passage to next life. Corpse is burned to allow the spirit to escape.



Thai Culture.

What is Thai Culture like?
Thai culture is vastly different from English culture and so before setting foot in Thailand you should find out about the essential 'do and don't. Here are just a few, but the most important rules.

Do smile : Thailand is known as the land of smiles. Thais do not necessarily smile about something like we do in the west. They smile for variety of other reasons too. To say hello or thank you. to make a request, to apologize, to smooth over bad feelings or to show embarrassment.

Do show respect for the king : Thai people show great respect for their king and they expect visitors to do so too. The national anthem is played twice a day (typically at 8 am and 6 pm) and also before every film at the cinema. Everyone is expected to stand whilst it is playing. You should never insult or joke about the king or royal family.

Do show respect for their main religion, for the Buddha, and for monks. Shorts or tank tops should not be worn in a temple, and shoes should be removed before entering. It is considered very improper for women to touch a monk.

Thailand History

Thailand History (2)

Throughout its 800-year history, Thailand can boast the distinction of being the only country in Southeast Asia never to have been colonized. Its history is divided into five major periods

Nanchao Period (650-1250 A.D.) 
The Thai people founded their kingdom in the southern part of China, which is Yunnan, Kwangsi and Canton today. A great number of people migrated south as far as the Chao Phraya Basin and settled down over the Central Plain under the sovereignty of the Khmer Empire, whose culture they probably accepted. The Thai people founded their independent state of Sukhothai around 1238 A.D., which marks the beginning of the Sukhothai Period

Sukhothai Period (1238-1378 A.D.) 
Thais began to emerge as a dominant force in the region in the13th century, gradually asserting independence from existing Khmer and Mon kingdoms. Called by its rulers "the dawn of happiness", this is often considered the golden era of Thai history, an ideal Thai state in a land of plenty governed by paternal and benevolent kings, the most famous of whom was King Ramkamhaeng the Great. However in 1350, the mightier state of Ayutthaya exerted its influence over Sukhothai.


White elephant

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white elephant is an idiom for a valuable but burdensome possession of which its owner cannot dispose and whose cost (particularly cost of upkeep) is out of proportion to its usefulness or worth. The term derives from the story that the kings of Siam (now Thailand) were accustomed to make a present of one of these animals to courtiers who had rendered themselves obnoxious, in order to ruin the recipient by the cost of its maintenance. In modern usage, it is an object, scheme, business venture, facility, etc., considered to be without use or value.

Thai Monk

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If you are a real Thai buddhist, you probably know about 'buat phra' or becoming a monk for your parents. Since the very old times, Thai people believe that all Thai men have to become a monk when they reach the age of 20 years old. The reason being is to do it for their parents so when they died they would hold on to their's monk's robe and go to heaven. As I am a buddhist, 

Thai Peculiar Ways

Thais respect the elders and referring with regard to the older common people as pee, meaning an older brother or sister. It's also customary to call youngsters as nong, the younger brother or sister. And while in restaurants or similar places, a polite and more approprite way to address the staff is either as pee or nong, rather than a waiter or waitress. And if she is nice, you may call her teerak, darling in Thai.


According to an article in the Bangkok Post, the Fine Arts Department plans to register 25 sites as areas of historical interest in Thailand this year. Most of the sites are in Bangkok and many are Buddhist temples, although there are also palaces and residences. Registration will entitle them to allocations from the conservation budget.


Thai Culture on Stamps

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Folk games have exited in every society for a long time since the early days of human civilization, although we can't specify the exact date of their inventions. What we can say without exaggeration is that folk games have evolved from the past to the present, being adapted according to the context and society of each nation.

Thai folk games have been directly and indirectly meaningful for the life of Thai children in many aspects.

Court Culture : Painting

Court Culture : Painting

Classical Thai painting is mostly confined to mural paintings inside Buddhist temples and palaces. They are idealistic and the themes frequently depicted are those related to Buddhism, such as the Buddha's life stories, stories of the three worlds (heaven, earth and hell), and also those concerning customs and traditions. The subjects of the paintings reflect different purposes: to beautify and dignify the places of worship, to promote Buddhism, and to educate people through pictures.


A.Nok

Fruit Carving in Thailand

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Thai cuisine involves the balancing of contrasting flavours, spicy and subtle, sweet and sharp. It is also concerned with aesthetic vaiues for the Thais believe that food should please the eye as well as the palate.                                                                                                                  

What is Thai Culture like?

Thai culture is vastly different from English culture and so before setting foot in Thailand you should find out about the essential 'do and don'ts' . Here are just a few, but the most important rules. 



Phra Raj Phiti Peuj Mongkol Jarod Phranangkal Raek Na Kwan or the Cultivating and Ploughing Ceremony, consists of two ceremonies which are Phra Raj Phiti Peuj Mongkol or the Cultivating Ceremony, a Buddhist ceremony, and Phra Raj Phiti Jarod Phranangkal Raek Na Kwan or the Ploughing Ceremony, an ancient Bhramanic rite.  They are aimed at bringing about propitiousness to the nation's crops, boosting farmers' morale as well as heralding the start of the rice-growing season.
 
The Royal Ploughing Ceremony is an important ancient royal ceremony dating back thousands of years.  In Thailand, the ceremony was first performed during the Sukhothai era, and continued until B.E. 2479 (A.D. 1936), after which it was stopped for several years.  His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej revived this royal ceremony in B.E. 2503 (A.D. 1960).  Being one of the most important royal ceremonies, only distinguished guests have been invited to participate, such as members of the royal family, senior government officials, as well as the diplomatic corps, etc.
 
The ceremony starts with plowing by a perfect characteristic couple of cows to sow the auspicious rice.  Then both cows will choose one of seven food including paddy, corn, grass, nut, sesame, water and alcohol for prophecy.  Finally, King or the royal representative cast lots by pick up one of panung which are different size.  All these prophecy are for the cultivation.

Now this Cultivating and Ploughing Ceremony takes place on 5th May of every year at Wat Pra Kaew and the ceremonial field at the Sanam Luang Royal Grounds.  This is the beginning of cultivation's season which King or his royal representative will be the first to plant.
 

A.Nok

"How do Thai people celebrate their birthdays?" Well, they don't often celebrate in the way that we do in the West. This often means no cake, no presents and no party for your friends if you are a child. Birthdays are not usually marked in the same way here as we did with birthday parties when we were younger. 



Thai Culture on Stamps

Folk games have existed in every society for a long time since the early days of human civilization, although we can't specify the exact date of their inventions. What we can say without exaggeration is that folk games have evolved from the past to the present, being adapted according to the context and society of each nation.


Thai Marriage

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Thai wedding generally consists of two parts: the legal part and the ceremonial part. These are done separately. There is no requirement of government documentation to have a religious ceremony, which is most common with Thai people. This is considered by many to be the real wedding. 

What is Thai Culture like?

Do Smile: Thailand is known as the land of smiles. Thais do not necessarily smile about something like we do in the west. They smile for a variety of other reasons too. To say hello or thank you, to make a request, to apologize, to smooth over bad feelings or to show embarrassment. 

Lyrics for Loykratong


November full moon shineLoy kratong Loy kratong,And the water's high in the river and the klong,

Loy Krathong is a beautiful Thai festival that many people look forward to every year. It is on the full moon night during November which this year falls on Sunday 21st November 2010 in Thailand. Students at our school have been busy making little "krathongs" which they will float on the river or canal near their house on Sunday. Some students may even just float their "krathong in a bucket of water while they make a wish! It doesn't really matter. 


Thai Students and Their Teachers

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All of the students at my school took part in the annual Wai Khru Ceremony today. The students presented their teachers with flowers and said "thank you" to them for giving them knowledge. In return, the teachers gave them a blessing which the students believe will give them good luck for the coming academic year. 



Central Thailand People

Classic Siamese Theatre

Central Thailand People

The inhabitants of Central Thailand after the prehistoric period were the Austro-Asiatic speakers, the Mon and the Khmer. Then came the Tai tribes and their principal group was the Siamese Tai. There are pockets of Mon speakers today but most tribes merged to produce a diverse looking nation.


個性派ウェディング




タイ式ウェディング

タイのきらびやかな衣装に身を包み、厳かに行われる伝統的なセレモニーです。僧侶を呼んで寺院で執り行う本格的なものも可能ですが、ホテルでもタイ式ウェディングのパッケージを用意しているところがあり、特に欧米人にとても人気があります。


水中ウェディング

タイ南部のトランで年に一度、2月14日に行われる名物イベントがこの水中ウェディング。熱帯の魚たちを証人に、美しいさんご礁に囲まれての誓いのキスはほかでは体験できないすばらしい思い出になることでしょう。ダイビング初心者でも参加できます。




King Mongkut Rama IV

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King Mongkut Rama IV
  • King Mongkut was a different generation of King compared to the first Chakri Kings who were, by necessity, men of war. He was born in October 1804 as the son of Rama 11. Notwithstanding he was the first in line to the succession upon the death of his father, the nobility supported his brother Nangklao to be the next King, so Mongkut entered the Buddhist priest hood for the next 27 years. During this time he studied Latin and English and western sciences such as astronomy.

Thai Food Culture and Table Manners


Thailand isn't just the Land of Smiles, it is every bit the Land of Gourmet Food as well. Thai table manners and a way the dishes are prepared and served, have its own distinct course. 

Normally, in restraurants serving the Thai food one will be given a spoon and fork for the main meal, and a short spoon with small bowl used for soups. No knifes, since the Thai food is whether already cut down into small enough pieces, or could be easily sliced by spoon. The idea is to eat with a spoon in your right hand and a fork in your left to help push foods onto the spoon. Chopsticks are typically served when ordering noodle dishes. Naturally, one will be given a knife and fork when ordered steaks or similar western food dishes.


thai shadow puppets

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Shadow puppet (Thai: Nang Talung) was one form of public entertainment in the south of Thailand. It is still very popular at village festivals, temple fairs and celebrations such as marriages, etc. Its characters are made from intricately cut - out and articulated shapes of leather. They are delicately coloured, but this does not show during a performance as the puppets appear only in shadow against a white sheet, with light shining through from behind. They are manipulated with rods control movements of the arms.



タイが選ばれる理由


ホスピタリティ(おもてなしの心)豊かな癒しの国タイは、ロングステイ先として、マレーシア、オーストラリアに次ぐ3位に2005年から連続して選ばれています。その理由をご紹介します。


仏教国であるため人々がおだやかで親日的であること

タイへの進出企業も多く、日本人居住者数は約2万人、短期出張などで滞在する人を入れると7〜8万人にものぼります。日本人学校に通う生徒も1500人以上と、東南アジア随一の日本人コミュニティを擁しており、大変住みやすい環境であることがうかがえます。

South Thailand People

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The Southern Tai People

  • The Southern Tai have a distinct dialect which was developed around the Nakhon Si Thammarat area in the 13th century. No one is certain when these people first left China and came to the Peninsula. Some scholars suggest it was during the 10th century. On arrival they then mixed with the Mon, Malay, Neritoes and Khmer peoples.
  • The language group for the Southern Tai is Tai Southwestern and their alternative group names are Pak Tai and Dambro . They number in excess of 5 million and live in the Southern Provinces of Pattini, Satun, Chumphon, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Phuket, Krabi, Phangnga, Ranong, Trang, Surat Thani, Songhkla and Phatthalung.






The Kwan Duan (Kon Pom Fai) Ceremony

 

Kwan, in Thai people's belief, is the spirit existing in their heads and protects them from harm and illness. 

When a baby is one month old, it is considered to be safe as a"mankind's child". Then the Kwan Duan ceremony is held in order to auspiciously bless the child. If the auspicious occasion is determined to be in the morning, it is customary to invite the monks to perform evening chanting in the day before the auspicious day. 

This occasion is also a ceremony for laying down the baby into the cradle. 

        

Chulalongkorn's memorial day

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Phra Bat Somdet Phra Poramintharamaha Chulalongkorn Phra Chunla Chom Klao Chao Yu Hua or Rama V (20 September 1853-23 October 1910) was the fifth monarch of Siam under the House of Chakri. He was known to the Siamese of his time as Prha Phuttha Chao Luang. He is consicered one of the greatest kings of Siam. His reign was characterized by the modernization of Siam, immense government and social reforms, and territotial cessons to the British Empire and French Indochina. As Siam was threatened by Western expansionism, Chulalongkorn, through his policies and acts, managed to save Siam from being colonized. All his reforms were decicated to Siam's insurance of survival in the midst of Western colonialisn, so that Chulalongkorn earned the epithet Phra Piya Maharat.




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With the establishment of the domestic postal service, Thailand issued her first postage stamp on 4 August 1883; 43 years after "Penny Black" the world's first prepaid adhesive postage stamps appeared in England.

Thailand Cultural Centre

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Thailand Cultural Centre is a performing-arts venue in Bangkok Thailand.Built with a grant from Japan the Thailand Cultural Centre opened on October 9, 1987 as part of celebrations for King Bhumibol's 60th birthday. 



スコータイはバンコクから 北に約440km,チエンマイから南へ約350kmに位置して います。スコータイとは (幸福の夜明け)を 意味して おります。


Thai Monks


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There are a number of Thai customs relating to the special status of monks in Thai society. Due to religious discipline, Thai monks are forbidden physical contact with women.

The Original Siamese Twins

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Undoubtedly the most famous of all Thai children, at least as far as the Western world is concerned, were the original Siamese twins, who in the 19th century became celebrities throughout America and most of Europe.

Thai Money - 1000 bank note

Thai unit of currency is the baht. One hundred satang equals 1 baht. Paper money is made in amounts of 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1,000 baht. Coins are 1, 5 and 10 baht pieces and also 25 and 50 satang. The king's face is pictured on the front of every coin and every bill. At the moment, it's about 30 baht per 1 US. dollar.

Buddhism is the religion for 94.6% of Thailand's population. And there are five precepts of Buddhism we should follow. The word will write in Pali and Sanskrit.

Ngop

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Traditionally, Thailand is an agrarian country, so the majority of Thai people are engaged in agriculture. As they rainy conditions, while farming, they need to wear a hat for protection against extreme weather.



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To commemorate the auspicious occasion of HM King Bhumibol Adulyadej's 84th birthday anniversary on 5 December 2011, Rear Admiral Apiwat Sriwattana, in his capacity as Chairman of the Preparation Committee for the Royal Barge Procession, has announced that the Royal Thai Navy will be organizing a Royal Kathin Barge Procession on 22 October 2011. The event is to mark the visit of His Majesty the King and members of the royal family to a royal temple to present offerings of saffron kathin robes to the monks.

Tradition of ten months.

Tradition of ten months is a good tradition of southern Thailand, especially the Si. Have been influenced by the beliefs that come from the way Brahminism has been combined with a belief in Buddhism. Which came later. The key objective is to dedicate merit to the souls of ancestors and relatives of the deceased. Which has been released from jail because they need a hell retribution they had made it alive. เดือนสิบ.jpg

Forn Thai (Forn-Lep)

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Forn is another form of "folk-dance" accompanied by folk music of the region.

Serng Kratip Khoa

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Serng Kratip Khoa
 This dance is performed during traditional celebrations.

Farmers Dance (Rice Growers Dance)

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This is a modern dance created by the Thai Ministry of Culture. 
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Thai Houses

The Thai house, like other houses in Southeast-Asia, is a wooden structure raised on posts. Over many centuries it has acquired its own unique style. The distinguishing marks are an elegantly tapering roof and various finials and decorations that differ regionally.


Thai Flag Meaning.

Thai Flag Meaning:
The red stripes represent the blood spilt to maintain Thailand's independence. The white stands for purity and is the color of Buddhism which is the country's main religion. Blue is Thailand's national color and it represents the Thai monarchy. The blue is also used to honor Thailand's World War I allies, Great Britain, France, United States and Russia, who all had red, white and blue flags.

Sukhothai Historical Park

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  • The 13th C fortified city of Sukhothai is a World Heritage Site as nominated by UNESCO. This together with the adjoining ancient wiang cities of Si Satchanalai and Kamphaeng Phet are major tourist attractions in Thailand.
  • Today what remains of these three cities are the remains of city moats and walls, ruins [ monuments ] in brick and laterite of palaces and monasteries, lakes and waterways and military ramparts.
  • Sukhothai Historical Park covers 70 square Kilometers with 193 ruins.


 

Thai massage is a type of massage in Thai style that involves stretching and deep massage. This form of bodywork is usually performed on the floor, and the client wears comfortable clothes that allow for movement. No oils are used in Thai massage. It is known in Thailand as "nuat phaen boran" literally, the ancient-manner massage.
 


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This religious event of Uthai Thani is organised in the evening of Ok Phansa (end of Buddhist Lent) on the first day of the waning moon of the eleventh lunar month at Wat Sangkat Rattana Khiri. It is also in line with the Buddhist chronicles when the Lord Buddha returned to earth from heaven and gave Dharma. On the day of Tak Bat Thewo, 500 monks will walk down from the top of Khao Sakae Krang to receive offerings from residents and visitors to the ceremony, which creates an amazing spectacle and has made this tradition become well known nationwide. 

Venue: Wat Sangkat Rattana Khiri, Uthai Thani Province

Information: Uthai Thani Municipality Office, Tel. 0-5651-2005

A.Nok

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Sawatdiikaa ^_/|\_^ 

       Do you know a very famous of Thai gesture?? Yes, it is a gesture called "Wai" (ไหว้) Thais greet, wish farewell and acknowledge each other..  

   

Color of the day

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Sawatdiikaa ^^
Sabai dii mai kaa ??

Do you know that Thai people is assigned a color for a different day. This concept be used for choosing color  to wear clothes on each day in some companies. For example, people tend to wear yellow on Monday not only yellow is assigned for Monday but also in order to honor H.M. The King. Here are color of the day .. 

 

Sunday        - red
Monday       -  yellow
Tuesday      -  pink
Wednesday - green
Thursday     - orange
Friday          -  light blue
Saturday      - purple

I was born on Saturday so I'm a purple girl!! 

How's yours??

Acaan Waan   
J

Muay Thai

buakaw_por_puramuk.jpg     Good afternoon everybody!! How's thing going today??

Is anyone knows who he is in the picture?? Some of you may know him well and yet for lots. His name is Buakaw (white lotus).