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Thai Alphabet

There are 44 consonants in the Thai language which are grouped into three different classes. Blue is low, green is middle and brown is high. It is important to remember which class each consonant belongs to as that will determine which tone to use. However, don't make the mistake in thinking that consonants in the low class have only low tones.

Each letter is named after something. For example, Gor Gai. "Gor" is the sound that letter makes and "Gai" is a chicken. You will see that a lot of letters have the same sound so in the end you will only have to learn 21 sounds. However, some letters change their sound when they come at the end of a word. In total there are only eight final sounds. There are also some letters which we do not use much.


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Languages in Thailand

The Thai language is comprised of 44 consonants, 32 vowels and five tones in Thai pronunciation, along with a script that has Indian origins. The Thai language, belonging to the Tai family, is the main language in Thailand although there are several regional dialects as well.  Other languages spoken in Thailand are Chinese, Lao, Malay and Mon-Khmer, while English use is becoming more prevalent in government and commerce. English is also being taught as a second language in secondary school and universities, which enables the English speaking visitor in Thailand to have little trouble conversing.


Koh Tao (Turtle Island)


           Have you ever been to Turtle Island?
           The island is well known for scuba diving and snorkeling. Also offers some hiking, rock climbing and bouldering. The most popular place for tourists is Sairee on the West coast, which has a white sandy beach of 1.7 km interrupted only by a few huge boulders and a scattering of medium budget resorts and restaurants. Chalok Baan Khao, to the south of the island is becoming increasingly popular as an alternative for those wishing to escape the crowds. A multitude of beautiful granite boulders, which nestle both in the forests and on the beaches of Ko Tao, attract a growing number of climbers who visit each year to enjoy the adventurous aspect of their sport.

What is a "vowel" ?

There are 5 vowels in English: A E I O U. But each vowel's pronuciation depends on the letters surrounding it in a word. Take the " a " from "hall" and the "a" from"apple". The pronunciation of"a" changes completely in each word. Thai, on the other hand, is much simpler. There are only tow froms of each vowel: short and long.

What are " short vowels" and " long vowels"

Thai vowels can be split into two groups: " short vowels" and " long vowels" Simply put:

Short vowels = pronounce the vowel quickly ----------------- O/ Oh no ! (when you locked your keys in the car)

Long vowels = pronounce the vowel slowly ------------------- OO/ Ohhhh (when you finally undestand something)

                When pronouncing long vowels in Thai, it is especially important to clearly elongate them.

      I hope you enjoy study Thai.



Guide to Pronunciation Thai.

Because Thai is a tonal language, ists pronunciation presents new challenges for English speakers. If the tone is worng, you will not easily unerstood even if everything else is correct.Thai uses five tones. For example. to pronounce a rising tone, your voice starts at a low pitch and goes up (much like asking a question in English). The phonetic transliteration in this text book uses tone marks over the vowels to show the tone for each word. Note that the tone marks used for transliteration are different form those used in Thai script.
Tone Marks (Transliteration)
Tone                                     Tone symbol                                          Example
mind                                     None                                                    maa
low                                        ¡                                                          ma¡a
£                                                          ma£a
¢                                                           ma¢ a
¤                                                            ma¤a

I hope you enjoy with study Thai. ^^


Let's practice with Thai vocab.

phaas?a thai                                                phaas?a yJipTn 

(Thai Language)                                             (Japanese Language)

aruns<w<t                                                         ohayou

s<w<tdii                                                             konnichiwa

s<w<tdii                                                             konbanwa

laagL%n                                                              sayounara

chRok-dii                                                           ogenkide

khL%pkhun                                                        arigatou

khO%h>imiikhwaamsTk                              oshiawaseni

phQpkanm<i                                                    mata aimashou

s<baaydiim=i                                                 ogenkidesuka

s<baaydii                                                         genkidesu

khunl<                                                                anatawa




What's your job??


Hello everybody !! How are you today??  
Let's practice Thai !!  khun tham ŋaan aria ??

Let's speak Thai.

What is a "consonants" ?
      Cousnants are all the letters that are not vowels. Take the word " cat" for example. The "c" and "t" of cat are the consonats.

 Unaspirated&aspirated consonats
      In Thai, consonats are broken into two groups. "Aspirated" and "unaspirated".
- Unaspirated consonants= No air is blown when pronouncing the consonant (k)(c)(t)(p) 4 letters.
-Aspirated consonats = Air is blown when pronouncing the consonant (kh)(ch)(th)(ph) 4 letters.
NOTE: Try holding a tissue in front of your mouth, and pronounce the word " tore" then the word " store". When pronouncing " store" the tissue should remain still. The "t" of "tore" is considered aspirated, while the "t" of "store" is unaspirated.
UNASPIRATED  (How to read them) k - k%%, c - c%%, t- t%%, p - p%%

ASPIRATED       (How to read them) kh-kh%%, ch-ch%%, th-th%%, ph-ph%%  
     As is would be impossible to pronounce the consnats alone, we've added " %%" onto the end of each consonat for practice purposes.
     When an "h" follows one of the unaspirated consonants, remember that simply means it becomes an "aspirated consonat".
"Unaspirated consonants" tend not to sound as clear and clean as aspirated consonants. Unaspirated consonants are usually pronounced in the throat, and can feel your vocal cords vibrate.
(K) = "g" of agin
(C) = "c" of job
(Kh) = "c" of cane
(Ch) = "ch" of chop
This is how to read consonant. I hope you enjoy with study Thai. And next part i will come back to continue  How to practice prouncing" unasipated" and "aspirated" consonants. ^_^

AC. Som